The art and science of chiropractic medicine is based upon the concept of a misaligned vertebrate column that causes abnormal body function. Physical adjustment of the vertebrate to their proper position improves the health of the individual according to the doctor of chiropractic, who performs this function and achieves the D.C. degree after four years of study.

Chiropractors are not permitted to prescribe drugs or use surgery to treat their patients. Chiropractors may take diagnostic x-rays as a part of their treatment methods, but Texas law prohibits their use of x-ray or radium therapy.

A chiropractor may specialize in working with specific age groups such as children or the elderly, or specific areas of interest such as industry, sports injuries, orthopedics, neurology, nutrition, and diagnostic x-rays.

To become a licensed chiropractor in Texas, an applicant must graduate from a college that is accredited by the Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE). The educational requirements call for a minimum of two years of college level study in an accredited institution of higher learning and graduation from a four-year college of chiropractic that meets the standards of professional education. Before graduating, a chiropractic student must also complete a program in clinical experience. Upon acceptable completion of the chiropractic college program, the degree of D. C. (doctor of chiropractic) is awarded.

Once the professional degree is conferred, the doctor of chiropractic must become licensed by the state in which he or she plans to practice. In Texas, chiropractors are licensed by the Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners (TBCE).

To receive license, a chiropractor must pass a three-part exam administered by the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners and a state exam administered by the TBCE. In addition, there are continuing education requirements to maintain licensure.