Language and Literature

B. Cole Bennett, Chair     
ACU Box 28252
Abilene, Texas 79699-8252
Chambers Hall, Room 308

Phone: 325-674-2263
Fax: 325-674-2408
Email: cole.bennett@acu.edu
Web: www.acu.edu/english
Blog: blogs.acu.edu/english

Faculty
B. Cole Bennett, Associate Professor
Laura Carroll, Associate Professor
William M. Carroll, Associate Professor
Mikee Delony, Associate Professor
Kyle Dickson, Associate Professor
Jeremy Elliott, Assistant Professor
Carol Evans, Instructor
Albert Haley, Professor
William Horn, Instructor
Nancy S. Jordan, Professor
Dana McMichael, Associate Professor
Steven T. Moore, Associate Professor
Yann Opsitch, Instructor
M. Harland Rall, Assistant Professor
Sharon Rankin, Instructor
Paul Roggendorff, Assistant Professor
Michelle Sanders, Associate Professor
Joseph F. Stephenson, Associate Professor
Carolyn Thompson, Instructor
Jeanine Varner, Professor
Paul Varner, Scholar-in-Residence
Beatriz Walker, Associate Professor
Stephen R. Weathers, Associate Professor
Christian Willerton, Professor
Debbie Williams, Associate Professor

Majors: 
English (BA)
English for Teacher Certification (BA) 
Spanish (BA)     
Spanish for Teacher Certification (BA)

Minors: 
English
Professional Writing 
Spanish
French

The Department of Language and Literature offers the Bachelor of Arts in English, the  Bachelor of Arts in Spanish, the Bachelor of Arts in English for Teacher Certification and the Bachelor of Arts in Spanish for Teacher Certification.  A minor in English, or professional writing, French, or Spanish may be added to other majors.

The Master of Arts in English is available with emphases in literature or writing. See the Graduate School section of this catalog.

Introduction
The goal of the Department of Language and Literature is to provide students with the core of a liberal education while also preparing them for satisfying careers.  The study of languages, literature, rhetoric, and poetry is the student's key to becoming a citizen of the world.  Students develop a deep satisfaction when they can communicate with people outside their own country and linguistic background.  

The Bachelor of Arts in English prepares students for graduate work in English, for careers as college English teachers, or for careers in technical or creative writing. It also provides preparatory training for law school, public relations, library science, personnel work, management, government work or the dozens of other fields that require broad reading, self-expression, an understanding of human nature and the ability to analyze and organize information. Since this degree allows a considerable number of elective hours, students majoring in English can often secure a major in a second field or a minor, thus enhancing their career options.

The Bachelor of Arts in English for teacher certification prepares students who wish to teach in high school with English as a single teaching field. Like other English majors, those interested in this degree will be advised by the Department of English.

The Bachelor of Arts in Spanish and the Bachelor of Arts in Spanish for teacher certification can enhance a student's qualifications for many challenging careers:

  • Teaching.  Our nation needs outstanding foreign language teachers and scholars in universities, colleges, secondary schools and elementary schools.
  • Business.  A major combining business and foreign language can lead to careers with multinational corporations, in international banking or accounting, hotel management, import-export business or many other areas.  Many articles have been written of the importance of language and culture abilities as crucial elements of success within international companies.
  • Government Service.  Important jobs in the Armed Services, the Department of State, the Department of Commerce, and the International Communication Agency require proficiency in foreign languages.  Students should consider supplementing language preparation with courses in business management, economics, and communication.
  • Mission Work.  The majority of the world does not speak English.  In order to communicate the Gospel of Jesus Christ around the world, missionaries need to speak foreign languages.  Even if ACU does not offer the specific language of a given country, we often can help the perspective missionary with a language that is widely spoken in the area he or she is targeting, e.g., French in West Africa, German for Eastern Europe.  Moreover, the best way to raise one's general language aptitude is to study a foreign language.  
  • Pre-Med.  Students entering medical fields often find that a major or minor in foreign language broadens their intellectual horizons, increases their ability to communicate with patients and is favored by medical school since it indicates broad human interests.  

Also, journalists, librarians, writers, researchers, doctors, nurses, police officers, social workers and many others often find foreign language skills essential.

The person who knows a foreign language has an added dimension to his or her life.  Language expands and heightens the pleasure of travel, of good literature and of the arts.  It fosters a sense of shared humanity.  These intangible benefits may be the most rewarding of all.  

Students who have had two or more years of a foreign language in high school should be able to earn college credit by examination.  Students should take the AP language examination or the CLEP subject examination in Spanish during their senior year of high school.  If this is impossible, the test can be arranged through ACU.  

Admission Requirements
Before being admitted to a program, a student must satisfy the requirements listed in the ACT/SAT Placement Information section of this catalog.

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ENGLISH (BA)   

BA: ENGLISH DEGREE PLAN (ENGL)  
UNIVERSITY REQUIREMENTS  

Please see the University Requirements section of this catalog.

 
MAJOR REQUIREMENTS  

English Literature

    Literature - choose one: ENGL 221, 231, 262  

    Literature* - choose one: ENGL 222, 232, 263  

*Student must continue the sequence chosen for the 
University Requirement.

Introduction to English Studies

    ENGL 311 Literary Theory and Criticism or

         ENGL 441** Topics in Literary Criticism & Bibliography 

Writing and Rhetoric

    Choose from: ENGL 320, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326,328, 329, 331, 442**  

English Language

    Choose from: ENGL 330, 432, 443**  

American Literature

    Choose from: ENGL 362, 363, 446**, 464, 470  

General Literature

    Choose from: ENGL 376, 377, 378, 447** 

British Literature Before 1700

    Choose from: ENGL 448**, 481, 483, 484  

British Literature After 1700

    Choose from: ENGL 449**, 495, 496, 497  

Culture and Belief

    Choose from: ENGL 471, 472 

Advanced English Selection

    Choose from: courses listed above  

Senior Seminar

    ENGL 499 Studies in World Literature (capstone and writing-intensive course)  

TOTAL                                                                                                                                              

1Hours (in parentheses) may also fulfill university requirements and are not included in total major hours 

**Students may apply one topics course in one area section, plus one other topics course in the Advanced English Selection; all others will count as electives.

 

(3)¹

3

 
 

 

 

3

 

3

 

3

 

6

 

3

 

3

 

3

 

3

 

3


3


36

 

 

 

SUPPLEMENT FOR MAJOR  

    FLFR, FLGE, FLLA, FLSP 221, 222 

    History (any 100 or 200 level course) 

TOTAL 

6

(3)¹

6

ELECTIVES  
Minimum  

30

TOTAL MAJOR HOURS       72          
OTHER GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS  

Minimum GPA in major  

Minimum GPA for graduation  

Minimum advanced hours  

Minimum total hours  

Courses numbered 0** do not count in
minimum hours required for degree.

2.25

2.00

33

128

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ENGLISH FOR TEACHER CERTIFICATION (BA)   

BA: ENGLISH WITH CERTIFICATION DEGREE PLAN (ENGT)  
UNIVERSITY REQUIREMENTS  

Please see the University Requirements section of this catalog.

 
MAJOR REQUIREMENTS  

Sophomore Literature

    ENGL 221 Major British Writers I or

         ENGL 262 American Literature Before 1900  

    ENGL 222 Major British Writers II or

         ENGL 263 American Literature After 1900

*Student must continue the sequence chosen for the 
University Requirement.

Required English

    ENGL 311 Literary Theory and Criticism   

    ENGL 325 Advanced Composition (writing-intensive course)  

    ENGL 330 Advanced English Grammar  

    ENGL 351 Literature for Young Adults  

    ENGL 459 English for Secondary Teachers  

    ENGL 483 Shakespeare  

American Literature*

    Choose from: ENGL 362, 363, 446**, 464, 470  

British Literature After 1700*

    Choose from: ENGL 449**, 495, 496, 497  

Advanced English Selection

    Choose from: ENGL 320, 322, 323, 324, 331, 376, 377, 378, 432,

         441**, 442**, 443**, 445**, 447**, 448**, 471, 472, 481, 484

         or any literature course listed above  

Capstone

    ENGL 499 Studies in World Literature (capstone and writing-intensive course)

Foreign Language

    FLFR, FLGE, FLLA, or FLSP 221, 222 

    HIST (100 or 200 level course)  

TOTAL  

*NOTE: Students who take ENGL 221/222 are not required to take a course from British Literature After 1700. Students who take ENGL 262/263 are required to take only 3 hours from American Literature.

**Students may apply one topics course in one area section, plus one other topics course in the Advanced English Selection; all others will count as electives.

1Hours (in parentheses) may also fulfill university requirements and are not included in total major hours

 

 

(3)¹

 

3

 
 

 

3

3

3

3

3

3

 

3-6

 

0-3

 

 

 

3

  

3

 

6

(3)

39

PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS  

Reading

    READ 363 Foundations of Reading  

    READ 322 Reading in Secondary Content Areas  

    EDUC 476 Effective Teaching Strategies for 
          English Language Learners 

Education

    EDUC 211 Educational Foundations and Multicultural Perspectives  

    EDUC 221 Educational Psychology  

    EDUC 412 Secondary Curriculum and Media (capstone course)  

    EDUC 432 Secondary Management and Methods (capstone course)  

    EDUC 490  Student Teaching (capstone course)  

    SPED 371 Teaching Students with Special Needs 
    (writing-intensive course)  

TOTAL  

 

3

3

3

 


3

(3)

3

3

6

 
3

27

ELECTIVES  
Minimum (3 hours may be Education)        6
TOTAL MAJOR HOURS

72

CRITERIA FOR ADMISSION TO TEACHER EDUCATION  

In accordance with Texas state law, students must meet the admission criteria described in the Teacher Education section.

 

 

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 Minor in English     

MINOR: ENGLISH (ENGL)  

ENGL 111 Composition and Rhetoric  

ENGL 112 Composition and Literature  

ENGL 221 Major British Writers I  

ENGL 222 Major British Writers II  

Choose from: ENGL 300-499 (except 322-351, 401-405, 432, 
441-445, 459)  

TOTAL  

3

3

3

3

 
6

18

 

Minor in Professional Writing       

Students may minor in professional writing by taking 18 hours from the following selection of courses.

MINOR: PROFESSIONAL WRITING (ENGW)  

Freshman English

     ENGL 111 Composition and Rhetoric

     ENGL 112 Composition and Literature

Total Freshman English  

Advanced English  

    Creative Writing

         ENGL 320, 322, 323, 324

    Professional Writing

         ENGL 325, 326, 328, 329, 442

    Language

         ENGL 330, 432

Total Advanced English  

Journalism

JMC 223 (prerequisite for 324, 449, 450), 239, 324390, 449, 450  

Communication

    COMS 345, 407, 491  

TOTAL  

English majors cannot count the same advanced hours toward the English major and professional writing minor. Journalism and communication majors may count up to 6 hours of work in their major toward the professional writing minor.

 

 

 

3-6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6-15

 

0-6

 

0-6

18

Course Descriptions

Please see the Course Descriptions section of this catalog. Courses offered by the Department of Language and Literature include those with the following designation: ENGL.

 Course offerings include the following groupings:

·    American Literature: ENGL 362, 363 , 406, 446, 464, 470

·    British Literature After 1700: ENGL 409, 449, 495, 496, 497

·    British Literature Before 1700: ENGL 448, 481, 483, 484

·    Criticism and Theory: ENGL 311, 401441

·    English Language: ENGL 330, 432, 443

·    General Literature: ENGL 376, 377, 378, 407, 447, 499

·    Teaching English and Reading: ENGL 351, 445459

·    Writing: ENGL 322, 323, 325, 326, 328, 329, 402442

·    Culture and Belief: ENGL 471, 472

 

 

ACU offers a cooperative program in Spanish with Hardin-Simmons University and McMurry University.  Students planning to major in Spanish may take advanced work in Spanish language or literature at either university in addition to courses at ACU. 

If a student has little language  background or fails to earn sufficient advanced placement credit by examination, he or she may have to take up to 12 hours of elementary and intermediate work as elective hours prior to beginning advanced-level courses.

CLEP Examination Credit
Examinations for elementary (FL_111, 112) or intermediate (FL_221, 222) French, Spanish and German foreign language credit are given by ACT Career Counseling and Testing Services.  Students who have ability in languages for which the ACU Testing Services has no examination must make their own arrangements with an approved university or testing agency and have the credit transferred to ACU.  

Study Abroad Expectations
All students are encouraged to participate in ACU's Study Abroad program.  Classes offered at Study Abroad sites vary depending on the site.  Academic advisors can assist students in planning ahead for their Study Abroad experience and should be consulted during the freshman year.

DIALEKTOS Language Program for Less Commonly Taught Languages
Using technology/communication that shrinks distances among global contacts, ACU is able to offer less commonly taught languages through a pedagogy that combines on-line and in-class language acquisitions.  Students are mentored in language pods by native speakers who, in turn, are guided by off-campus Supervising Professors and on-campus Language Coordinators.  Language offerings will vary depending upon availability of native-speaker international students and ACU student demand.  Students wishing to register for a language must complete the program application and interview process as found on the website for the department.

Admission Requirements
Before being admitted to a program, a student must satisfy the requirements listed in the ACT/SAT Placement Information section of this catalog.

 

SPANISH (BA)   

BA: SPANISH DEGREE PLAN (SPAN)

 
UNIVERSITY REQUIREMENTS  

Please see the University Requirements section of this catalog.

 
MAJOR REQUIREMENTS  

    FLSP 221 Intermediate Spanish I  

    FLSP 222 Intermediate Spanish II 

    FLSP 386 Advanced Composition (writing-intensive course)  

    FLSP 499 Capstone 

Choose 21 hours from:  

    FLSP 352 Peninsular Spanish Culture

    FLSP 353 Latin American Culture  

    FLSP 385 Advanced Grammar  

    FLSP 388 Advanced Conversation 

    FLSP 440 Special Topic 

    FLSP 480 Hispanic Drama  

    FLSP 481 Hispanic Novel  

    FLSP 482 Survey of Peninsular Literature

    FLSP 483 Survey of Latin American Literature  

    FLSP 490 Spanish for Teachers 

Study Abroad Expectations (can be in hours above or university requirements)

Bible

    BMIS 371 Religion in Global Contexts

English

    ENGL 231 World Literature I   

    ENGL 232 World Literature II 

Political Science

    POLS 227 Introduction to International Relations 

TOTAL

1Hours (in parenthesis) may also fulfill university requirements 

and are not included in total major hours

 3

 3

3

3

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


(3)¹

 

(3)¹

3

 

(3)¹

36

 

SUPPLEMENT FOR MAJOR  

Supporting Language

Intermediate proficiency in a foreign language other than major or elementary proficiency in two foreign languages other than major

TOTAL   

 

 


0 -12

ELECTIVES  
 Minimum   24-36
 TOTAL MAJOR HOURS  72
OTHER GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS  

Minimum GPA in major 

Minimum GPA for graduation  

Minimum advanced hours

Minimum total hours 

Courses numbered 0** do not count in

minimum hours required for degree.

2.25

2.00

33

128

 

Teacher Certification

Students interested in teaching Spanish at the high school level should choose the BA Spanish for Teacher Certification degree plan. It will meet all the requirements for language and teacher certification as specified by the Department of Teacher Education.

 

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SPANISH TEACHER CERTIFICATION (BA)   

 BA: SPANISH TEACHER CERTIFICATION 

DEGREE PLAN (SPNT)

 
UNIVERSITY REQUIREMENTS  

Please see the University Requirements section of this catalog 

 
MAJOR REQUIREMENTS  

Spanish

    FLSP 221 Intermediate Spanish I 

    FLSP 222 Intermediate Spanish II  

    FLSP 352 Peninsular Spanish Culture  

    FLSP 353 Latin American Culture  

    FLSP 385 Advanced Grammar  

    FLSP 386 Advanced Spanish Composition 

    FLSP 490 Spanish for Teachers  

    FLSP 491 Oral Proficiency for Educators  

    FLSP 499 Capstone  

Choose 2 courses from:

    FLSP 388 Advanced Conversation  

    FLSP 480 Hispanic Drama  

    FLSP 481 Hispanic Novel  

    FLSP 482 Survey of Peninsular Literature 

    FLSP 483 Survey of Latin American Literature  

Study Abroad Expectations (can be in hours above or university requirements)

TOTAL

Sophomore Literature

    ENGL 231 World Literature I  

    ENGL 232 World Literature II  

TOTAL 

Professional Education Requirements

    EACH 363 Early Language and Literacy  

    EDUC 211 Education Foundations and

         Multicultural Perspectives 

    EDUC 221 Educational Psychology   

    EDUC 412 Secondary Curriculum and Media and

    EDUC 432 Secondary Management and Methods (capstone courses) 

   EDUC 476 Effective Strategies for English Language Learners

    EDUC 490 Student Teaching (capstone course)   

    READ 322 Reading in Secondary Content Areas   

    SPED 371 Teaching Students with Special Needs  

         (writing-intensive course) 

TOTAL  

 ¹Hours (in parentheses) may also fulfill university requirements

 and are not included in total major hours

 3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

 

3

3

3

3

3

 


33

 

3

(3)¹

3

 

3

 

3

(3)¹

 


6

3

6

3

 3


27

ELECTIVES  
Minimum9
 TOTAL MAJOR HOURS  72
CRITERIA FOR ADMISSION TO TEACHER EDUCATION  

In accordance with Texas state law, students must meet the admission criteria described in the Teacher Education section.

 
OTHER GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS  

Minimum GPA for graduation  

Minimum advanced hours 

Minimum total hours  

Courses numbered 0** do not count in

minimum hours required for degree.

 2.75

33

128

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Minor in a Foreign Language: Spanish      

MINOR: FOREIGN LANGUAGE – SPANISH (SPAN)  

Spanish

    FLSP 221 Intermediate Spanish I  

    FLSP 222 Intermediate Spanish II  

    Choose from: FLSP 300-499  

TOTAL 

 

         3

         3

         12

        18

    

 

Minor in a Foreign Language: French   

MINOR: FOREIGN LANGUAGE – FRENCH (FREN)  

    FLSP 221/222 Intermediate French

    FLFR 352 Introduction to French Culture

    FLFR 386 French Composition and Conversation (writing-intensive course)

    FLFR 481 Medieval and Renaissance French Literature

    FLFR 484 Twentieth-Century French Literature 

TOTAL 

                   3

         3

         3

         3

         3

        18

    

 

Foreign Language for Native Speakers of Other Languages      
A special provision exists for the satisfaction of foreign language requirements (under the university 
requirements) by students for whom English is a second language.  Students seeking to fulfill the foreign 
language requirements by the alternative means listed below must (if requested to do so) be able to 
demonstrate to the chair of the Department of Language and Literature native (L1) proficiency in a language other 
than English (not a dialect of English).  The student's native language need not be one of those offered by the 
Department of Language and Literature.

University Requirements
The requirement for "Foreign Language - 2 high school units or 6 hours" will be satisfied upon successful 
completion of the university requirement for "English - composition: ENGL 111 or equivalent (3) and Literature
(3)" for students who qualify as non-native speakers of English (see above).

Bachelor of Arts Degree
For all Bachelor of Arts degree programs having a requirement for "foreign language - sophomore level - 6 
hours," that requirement will be satisfied upon completion of the Bachelor of Arts requirement for English 
composition: ENGL 112 (3) and a second Literature course (3) for students who qualify as non-native 
speakers of English (see above).
Under this special provision, college credit will be granted for the English courses, but not for any ESL 
(English as a Second Language) course.  
Students will still need to complete the prescribed number of hours
for particular degree programs (usually this will mean that a Bachelor of Arts degree student will need an 
additional 12 hours of electives to replace the 12 hours of foreign language that were satisfied by the alternative
means outlined above).

Institute of Intensive English (IIE)  

The Institute of Intensive English (IIE) provides semester-long English as a Second Language (ESL) courses at the low-intermediate, high-intermediate and advanced levels. The IIE curriculum is designed to prepare students for ACU credit courses and consists of grammar, reading, composition and oral/aural communication courses at each of the three levels (except that the oral/aural communication course is omitted at the Advanced level).

The low-intermediate and high-intermediate blocks consist of 20 class hours per week (the summer schedule is slightly more intensive). The advanced ESL block consists of 15 class hours per week plus enrollment in one regular or audit class. ESL students must enroll in all courses included in their assigned block of courses (one of the three levels listed) according to incoming ESL placement exam results at ACU or incoming TOEFL scores. Students advance from their initial block by achieving passing grades in all courses of that block. Students earning a failing grade in even a single course of a given block must repeat that entire block. Permission to enroll in full-time developmental and regular credit courses is granted upon successful completion of the advanced ESL block. A particular TOEFL score is not required for ESL students who move from the ESL block into undergraduate courses upon completion of the advanced level. However, students wishing to enter graduate work must meet additional Graduate School requirements, including a minimum TOEFL score of 550, or computer-based score of 213.

Course Descriptions
Please see the Course Descriptions section of this catalog. ESL courses offered by the Department of Language and Literature include those with the following designation: FLEN.

ESL course offerings include the following groupings:

·    Low-Intermediate ESL Block: FLEN 021023027, 029.

·    High-Intermediate ESL Block: FLEN 031, 033037, 039.

·    Advanced ESL Block: FLEN 041, 047, 049.

NOTE: Courses numbered 000-099 do not count toward the minimum hours required for a bachelor’s degree, nor do they affect the cumulative GPA.

Course Descriptions

Please see the Course Descriptions section of this catalog. Courses offered by the Department of Language and Literature include those with the following designations: FLFR, FLGE, FLLA, FLSP, INTS.

NOTE: All first-year foreign language classes require a lab. Any first-year foreign language (FL__ 111, 112) may be used to fulfill admissions deficiency requirements.

 

 

 

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