Dative Case

To find the indirect object, say: verb + to whom or to what (says to whom, gives to whom, brings to whom)

NOMINATIVE

CONJUGATED VERB

ACCUSATIVE

DATIVE

Find the Subject — Who or what is doing the action?

Does the verb express an action?

If the verb is acting, find the direct object—Who or what is receiving the action?

Find the indirect object—To or for whom/what is the verb acting?

Say: verb + to whom or to what (gives to whom, sings to whom)

Note: Some verbs in German take a dative object instead of an accusative object.

Examples:

antworten: Er antwortet mir nicht.

danken: Ich danke dir.

gehören: Das gehört mir.

gratulieren: Wir gratulieren dir.

glauben: Er glaubt mir.

helfen: Hilf mir, bitte!