Verbs for Learning Outcomes

This list of verbs (adapted from Jerrold Kemp's "Shopping List of Verbs) is arranged according to Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning. Use this list to help you express distinct performance expectations you have of your students. In general, cognitive competency in a field begins with knowledge level learning and advances up the taxonomy to comprehension, application, and then the higher order skills involved in analysis, synthesis, and evaluation or problem solving.

Analysis
analyze
appraise
categorize
compare
contrast
critique
diagram
differentiate
discriminate
distinguish
examine
experiment
explore
inventory
investigate
question
research
test
Comprehension
characterize
classify
complete
depict
describe
discuss
establish
explain
express
identify
illustrate
locate
recognize
report
relate
review
sort
translate
Application
administer
apply
calculate
choose
compute
conduct
demonstrate
dramatize
employ
implement
interpret
operate
perform
practice
prescribe
roleplay
sketch
solve
Knowledge
arrange
define
duplicate
know
label
list
match
memorize
name
order
quote
recognize
recall
repeat
reproduce
restate
retain
Synthesis
combine
compose
consolidate
construct
create
design
formulate
hypothesize
integrate
merge
organize
plan
propose
synthesize
systematize
theorize
unite
write
Evaluation
appraise
argue
assess
critique
defend
envision
estimate
evaluate
examine
grade
inspect
judge
justify
rank
rate
review
value
Learning Studio: Year One
The Learning Studio opened its doors to the campus last March. Here is a look at some of the stories from year one.